They are very common benign tumours of uterus and most of them do not require any treatment. Some of them may need attention by regular monitoring and some require treatment. The symptoms caused by fibroids can be treated with medicines. If they need removal, minimal invasive approach is a preferred option but in some cases open surgery may be necessary.
Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. They also are called leiomyomas or myomas. A fibroid may remain very small for a long time and suddenly grow rapidly, or grow slowly over a number of years. Fibroids are most common in women aged 30–40 years, but they can occur at any age. They can cause symptoms like menorrhagia, pressure, pain and urinary problems. If you suspect you have fibroid you require clinical assessment and an ultrasound scan.
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Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. They also are called leiomyomas or myomas. The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They may be present inside the uterus, on its outer surface or within its wall, or attached to it by a stem-like structure. A woman may have only one fibroid or many of varying sizes. A fibroid may remain very small for a long time and suddenly grow rapidly, or grow slowly over a number of years.
Fibroids are most common in women aged 30–40 years, but they can occur at any age. Fibroids occur more often in African women than in white women. They also seem to occur at a younger age and grow more quickly in African women.
You may get:
Some fibroids may not cause any symptoms at all. Fibroids may be found during a routine pelvic exam or during tests for other problems.
These are very rare problems.
Fibroids are very common. Not all fibroids require treatment. Fibroids that do not cause symptoms, are small, or occur in a woman who is nearing menopause often do not require treatment. Only symptomatic fibroids require treatment depending on symptoms.
They are used to reduce the heavy bleeding and painful periods that fibroids sometimes cause. They may not prevent the growth of fibroids. Drug treatment for fibroids includes the following options:
If you wish to have last two options, you are referred to an interventional radiologist for that.
Please Contact if you wish to discuss anything about your fibroid.
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Overactive Bladder (OAB) is a sudden and compelling need to relieve the bladder which is difficult to put off, often associated with the frequent need to go to the toilet during the night or the day, and may result in incontinence.
People experiencing these symptoms should not feel ashamed or embarrassed to talk to their doctor, because help is available. OAB can have a huge emotional and physical impact on people.
About 1 in 6 adults experience some symptoms of an overactive bladder. About 1 in 3 people with an overactive bladder have episodes of urge incontinence.
Normally, the bladder muscle stay relaxed as the bladder gradually fills up. However, in people with an overactive bladder, the bladder muscle seems to give wrong messages to the brain. The bladder may feel fuller than it actually is. The bladder contracts too early when it is not very full, and not when you want it to.
Untimely contractions lead to symptoms like Urgency where you cannot wait to go to urinate, increased frequency more than 7-8 times a day, Night time frequency (nocturia) of more than 1-2 times every night interfering with your sleep and Urinary leakage mainly happening on the way to the toilet or without any warning. You may pass quite small volumes of urine.
Try these top tips to help you control your symptoms:
Bladder training (sometimes called bladder drill)
Bladder training is a very simple but effective treatment. It works in up to half of cases and makes it important part of the treatment. The aim is to slowly stretch the bladder so that it can hold larger and larger volumes of urine. For more information see the “Bladder Drill” section on this website.
If there is not enough improvement with bladder training alone, medicines also help. There are number of medicines available. They work by blocking certain nerve impulses to the bladder, which relaxes the bladder muscle and so increases the bladder capacity. Medication improves symptoms in some cases, but not all. The amount of improvement varies from person to person. Click here to know about medication.
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation
This treatment involves inserting a very fine needle (like acupuncture) into a specific point near the ankle. A specific kind of electrical impulse is delivered to the patient through the lead set. The electrical impulses travel along the tibial nerve to the nerves in the spine that control pelvic floor function. For more information on this treatment please look at the “Tibial nerve stimulation” section on this website.
Surgery is used in very limited cases of overactive bladder where symptoms have not responded to above mentioned treatments and symptoms are too bothersome.
Treatment with botulinum toxin A
This is an alternative treatment to surgery if other treatments including bladder training and medication have not helped your symptoms. It has not been licensed (approved) for the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome in the UK. Make sure that you discuss this procedure fully with your doctor and understand all of its risks and benefits before you go ahead with it. Click below to know more about this treatment.
Further help and information
www.bladderproblem.co.uk provides accessible information on how you can help to manage bladder conditions.
If you have any further questions, to make an appointment please contact.